Corte Suprema apoya dura medida de gobierno de Trump para limitar inmigración

La Corte Suprema de Estados Unidos respaldó el lunes una de las políticas de inmigración más duras del presidente Donald Trump, lo que le permitirá a su gobierno implementar una norma que niega la residencia legal permanente a ciertos inmigrantes que probablemente requieran asistencia del gobierno en el futuro.

Con cinco votos a favor y cuatro en contra, los jueces del máximo tribunal aprobaron la solicitud del gobierno de suprimir una orden de una corte inferior que había bloqueado la llamada política de carga pública, criticada por defensores de derechos de los inmigrantes como una “test de riqueza” que podría afectar desproporcionadamente a inmigrantes no blancos.

Los cinco jueces conservadores de la máxima corte de Estados Unidos, incluido el presidente John Roberts y los dos magistrados designados por Trump, apoyaron la iniciativa. Los cuatro jueces liberales, en tanto, dijeron que habrían negado la solicitud de la administración Trump.

Al imponer una orden judicial que bloquea la implementación de la regla, el juez del distrito de Manhattan George Daniels calificó el 11 de octubre la política de Trump de “repugnante para el sueño americano” y una medida de “exclusión en busca de una justificación”.

Con la decisión judicial, el gobierno puede implementar la regla en todo el país, excepto en Illinois, donde se mantiene un fallo de un tribunal menor que impide su aplicación en ese estado.

El problema radica en qué inmigrantes recibirán la residencia legal permanente, conocida como “green cards”. Según las políticas de Trump, los funcionarios de inmigración considerarían factores como la edad, el nivel educativo y el dominio del inglés para decidir si un inmigrante puede convertirse en una “carga pública” que reciba beneficios gubernamentales.

La administración Trump ha dicho que la nueva norma es necesaria para garantizar mejor que los inmigrantes sean autosuficientes. Sin embargo, los críticos sostienen que la regla afectaría desproporcionadamente a las personas de bajos ingresos de los países en desarrollo.

U.S. Supreme Court lets hardline Trump immigration policy take effect

WASHINGTON (Reuters) – The U.S. Supreme Court gave the go-ahead on Monday for one of President Donald Trump’s hardline immigration policies, allowing his administration to implement a rule denying legal permanent residency to certain immigrants deemed likely to require government assistance in the future.

The justices, on a 5-4 vote, granted the administration’s request to lift a lower court’s injunction that had blocked the so-called public charge policy while litigation over its legality continues. The rule has been criticized by immigrant rights advocates as a “wealth test” that would disproportionately keep out non-white immigrants.

The court’s five conservative justices, including Chief Justice John Roberts and two justices appointed by Trump, carried the day. The court’s four liberal justices said they would have denied the administration’s request. The action was announced even as Roberts sat as the presiding officer in Trump’s impeachment trial in the U.S. Senate.

Lawsuits aiming to block the policy were filed against the administration by the states of New York, Connecticut and Vermont as well as by New York City and several nonprofit organizations.

In imposing an injunction blocking it, Manhattan-based U.S. District Judge George Daniels on Oct. 11 called the rule “repugnant to the American Dream” and a “policy of exclusion in search of a justification.”

The administration asked the high court to let the rule go into effect even before the New York-based 2nd U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals rules on Trump’s appeal of the injunction. The 2nd Circuit is considering the matter on an expedited basis, with legal papers to be submitted by Feb. 14 and arguments expected soon afterward.

The administration can now enforce the rule nationwide except in Illinois, where a lower court has blocked its implementation.

Ken Cuccinelli, acting deputy secretary at the U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS), praised the high court.

“It is very clear the U.S. Supreme Court is fed up with these national injunctions by judges who are trying to impose their policy preferences instead of enforcing the law,” Cuccinelli told reporters.

GREEN CARDS
At issue is which immigrants will be granted legal permanent residency, known as a “green card.” Under Trump’s policy, immigration officers would consider factors such as age, educational level and English proficiency to decide whether an immigrant would likely become a “public charge” who would receive government benefits such as the Medicaid health insurance program for the poor.

The administration has said the new rule is necessary to better ensure that immigrants will be self-sufficient. Critics have said the rule would disproportionately bar low-income people from developing countries in Latin America, Africa and Asia from permanent residency.

“Limiting legal immigration based on an applicant’s wealth is shameful and entirely un-American,” Democratic Senator Dick Durbin wrote on Twitter.

A spokesman for U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services, the agency that processes visa applications, said it would “determine the most appropriate method to implement the public charge rule” and would release additional information soon.

Trump has made his tough immigration stance a hallmark of his presidency and 2020 re-election campaign.