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EEUU alerta a viajeros de México enfermedad transmitida por garrapatas

Miami.- Las autoridades sanitarias de EE.UU. instaron a viajeros llegados de México a vigilar su salud, tras haber detectado en el norte de ese país una bacteria causada por la transmisión de la picadura de garrapata que se aloja en los perros.

Los Centros para el Control y la Prevención de Enfermedades (CDC) informaron de la presencia de la ‘fiebre maculosa de las montañas Rocosas (RMSF, en inglés)’ en personas que llegan al país provenientes de Tecate, en el estado de Baja California (México).

Los CDC señalan que la RMSF puede ser mortal, y hacen un llamado a buscar atención médica a las personas que hayan viajado a Tecate u otra ciudad del norte de México y presenten síntomas durante el viaje o las dos semanas posteriores a su regreso a Estados Unidos.

Detallan que esta enfermedad se ha detectado en áreas urbanas de varios estados del norte de México, incluidos Baja California, Sonora, Chihuahua, Coahuila y Nuevo León.

La también llamada fiebre manchada de las montañas Rocosas (RMSF) es una enfermedad febril aguda transmitida por garrapatas causada por la bacteria Rickettsia rickettsii, según los Institutos Nacionales de Salud (NIH, en inglés).

Los pacientes suelen presentar síntomas de cuatro a diez días después de la exposición a la bacteria por picadura de garrapata.

Las autoridades sanitarias recomiendan evitar la exposición a las garrapatas, mantener las viviendas y sus alrededores limpios, dar un cuidado adecuado a los animales domésticos, y utilizar repelentes comerciales o naturales tanto en cuerpo y ropas.

Cortesía

What is RMSF? The disease from Mexico that’s put the United States on alert

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The United States has issued a health alert related to dog tick bites.

The disease comes from Mexico and the government has urged citizens to take care of their health, especially from the north of the country where this bacterium has been detected.

Its name is “Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever” (RMSF) and its symptoms are fever, headache and rashes. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), if left untreated in its early stages, it can be fatal.

Specifically, it has been detected in Tecate, Baja California, however, the CDC has urged people who show symptoms during travel, or two weeks later, to seek medical attention. Symptoms are mainly detected four to ten days after the bite.

Dogs are common carriers and enable quick transmission, so be careful about allowing them to be around other canines as they could catch the disease.

It has been detected mainly in urban areas in the northern states of Mexico, such as Sonora, Coahuila, Nuevo Leon and Chihuahua.

How the virus spreads and what symptoms it causes

The CDC lists it as a serious disease and it is transmitted by ticks. In addition to fever, headache and rash, the disease causes nausea, vomiting, stomach pain, muscle pain and loss of appetite

If not treated in its initial stages then in the long term it can lead to the amputation of arms, legs or fingers due to damage to the blood vessels.

What is the appropriate treatment

To prevent death and serious illness, according to the CDC, “the antibiotic doxycycline is recommended for adults and children of all ages”.

How to avoid bites and transmission

The CDC recommends that before leaving home wear clothes washed “with 0.5% permethrin products”. Use insect repellents registered with the Environmental Protection Agency and avoid any contact with common places to find ticks, such as wooded areas and dense vegetation.

When arriving from the open air, inspect clothing, shower immediately and check your body and that of our pets, since they are the main carriers.

more in original source https://www.marca.com/en/lifestyle/world-news/2023/12/10/657614b746163f008b8b4593.html